A Review on Medical Properties on Spirulina and Their Futuristic Applications

Main Article Content

Madhupritha Manogar
Nivedha Devaraj
Poomaka Mahalingam

Abstract

Spirulina is a type of blue-green microalgae also is a type of cyanobacteria. This was established in 1967 as a "wonderful future food source". It is a rich source of minerals, vitamins, nutrients, protein, carotenoids, and essential amount of amino acids. Spirulina also a good source of antioxidants. It can protect against oxidative damage. It activates cellular antioxidants enzymes. Inhibits lipids peroxidation and also DNA damages, scavenges, free radicals, and increase the activity of superoxide dismutase and also catalyze. The Spirulina supplements seem to be affected more effectively the innate immunity and promoting the activity of natural killer cells. Also it has a high potential capacity to increase immunity power to suppress viral infections, and it is well known to be a healthy addition to one's diet. It is most commonly used as a natural dietary supplement. There is a main active compound called phycocyanin. It is a pigment-protein complex. This pigment used mainly as natural colouring in food industry. Spirulina is well tolerated when grown at under controlled conditions. Also it can be grown as a pure culture alkaline water. Spirulina products have bioactive protein with the ability to stimulate the intestinal immune system. This is available in many forms such as spirulina powder, capsules, etc and this products has many mediational uses.

Keywords:
Spirulina, immune system, anticancer activities, nutrient values, algae, cyanobacteria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Manogar, M., Devaraj, N., & Mahalingam, P. (2020). A Review on Medical Properties on Spirulina and Their Futuristic Applications. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology, 6(4), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajb2t/2020/v6i430085
Section
Review Article

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